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CONTEXT OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMES OF THE SECOND TABLE OF THE INTERNATIONAL JUDICIAL FORUM, MEXICO 2015.
With the moderation of the important Mexican judge, Dr. Jose Antonio Murguia Rosete, president of the International Law Seminar of the UNAM, the second table of the International Judicial Forum in Mexico was assembled, with the participation of a renowned judge from Spain and president of the FIBGAR Foundation Dr. Baltazar Garzon; a student from the Universidad de los Andes of Colombia, Camilo Montoya Real; and Dr. Hugo Dolmestch Urra, Minister of the Supreme Court of Justice of Chile.
Dr. Jose Antonio Murgia introduced this table stating that:
“To find a solution and a way to move public opinion to support a series of actions and prevent international crimes from proliferating, is one of the goals that, up until now, has been unobtainable. But, we hope that with perseverance, and with the work of people like yourselves, we will be able to reach it.”
Lecturing on the topic “The Universal Jurisdiction as an instrument against the Crime of Genocide and other International Crimes” was Dr. Baltazar Garzon from Spain. Internationally known for his investigation on cases related to heinous crimes, Dr. Garzon spoke on the importance of defining Justice and Universal Jurisdiction, which “…involves an international and universal perspective while investigating these crimes. In other words, disregarding the place where the crime took place, the nationality of the victims or the offenders, and provided that there are some limitations such as not investigating these crimes in the country in which they were committed.” This was the base of his dissertation, on a very current context in which humanity is living today, pointing out different armed conflicts and other crimes that are being carried out before our eyes.
Speaking on the importance of youth and student participation in the construction of Peace, Camilo Montoya Real, a student of the Universidad de los Andes of Colombia, with his topic: “The Student Movement: Ground for the Seed of Peace”. He recalled the various proposals that have been made to promote the participation of students, especially law students, in topics related to discrimination and tolerance, and pointed out the importance of encouraging these types of movements in the educational field, and aim to enrich student life, and to ensure that the community has the ability to access opportunities for citizen participation, initiatives and projects with objectives in political dialogue and politics, respecting ideological differences.
The last lecturer of this table was Dr. Hugo Dolmestch Urra from Chile, who, with a broad and distinguished record in the field of Human Rights, is convinced that these aberrations against humanity are conceived, born and developed during dictatorships. He further noted that:
“In general, Latin American countries have yet to assume, in many cases, have not even foreseen a culture of human rights, considered individually or as governments and institutions.”
This table concluded with the insightful words of Dr. Jose Antonio Murguia Rosete, moderator of this second section of the International Judicial Forum, Mexico 2015:
“We need the respect for human rights, the respect for international life to be fulfilled, but to be integrally fulfilled by everyone. It is a long road, but we are willing to take it.”
LEGAL PRINCIPLES ESTABLISHED FOR THE DISCUSSION OF THE FIRST LECTURERS DURING THE THIRD INTERNATIONAL JUDICIAL FORUM, MEXICO 2015.
The first lectures of the International Judicial Forum New proposals for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide” were the Global Ambassador and Activist for Peace Dr. William Soto Santiago; Dr. Luis Ernesto Vargas Silva, president of the Constitutional Court of Colombia; Dr. Oscar Armando Pineda Navas, president of the Supreme Court of El Salvador; and Dr. Miguel Ángel López Aguilar, Judge of the Ninth Collegiate Criminal Court of the First Circuit of Mexico.
The Moderator of this table was Dr. Julio Cesar Pineda, an expert in the field of Law and International Relations of Venezuela, who gave a brief summary of the International Judicial Forums held in Colombia and Argentina in 2014, indicating that these events seek to strengthen international law and adapt the global reality of the crime of genocide and extend it to other heinous crimes, which are part of the proposals and modifications the Global Ambassador Dr. William Soto has been expressing throughout these forums.
“Peace is a commitment of every State in the globalized world. It is necessary for governments to promote conditions for a dignified life and professional quality to stress upon the educators, the need to respect human dignity.” With these words Dr. William Soto, Global Ambassador for Peace, began his lecture: “Prevention and Punishment of Genocide in the XXI century.”
Dr. Soto also indicated that these spaces for discussion are part of the Justice for Peace Project, which must be grounded on truth and respect for human dignity:
“An autonomous and independent justice brings peace and peace is the preamble to happiness and well-being of the human family.”
The second speaker was Dr. Luis Ernesto Vargas Silva, Judge from Colombia, with the topic “The Crime of Genocide in Colombian law: progress and challenges.” After speaking about various elements that place Colombia as an icon on the criminalization of politicides, Dr. Vargas said:
“If something truly guarantees that we have studied law, that we are judges, that we exert the bench, is the defense of Human Rights, because its violation significantly denotes that we need to approach real acts of peacefulness.”
Dr. Oscar Armando Pineda Navas from El Salvador, was the third speaker of this table and addressed the topic: “Genocide throughout history”, and made a chronological account of historical events whose characteristics designated them as genocides, but highlighted that:
“Genocide is not limited to mass murder, but also to aberrant violations of human rights manifested by the cancellation of fundamental rights such as freedom, respect for culture, and above all human dignity.”
The last speaker of this panel was Dr. Miguel Angel Aguilar Lopez of Mexico, addressing the topic: “Genocide and the Mexican Jurisprudence.”. The magistrate was exposing different approaches related to events in Mexico and which are still under study:
“Today, the Mexican Court has established that there is no hierarchy in the issue of human rights, the rules thereof contemplated an equal footing between treaties and the Constitution itself that should be interpreted as the most favorable to the person.”
Dr. Julio Cesar Pineda concluded this section indicating that we are on the path to propose that Latin America can reach specific legal instruments in the region, to legislate genocide and other heinous crimes.
COLOMBIA – CAMILO MONTOYA REAL
Student Council Representative of the Law Faculty of Los Andes University, Colombia.
Student of a double program in Law and Philosophy at the University of Los Andes, Colombia. He performs multiple social and academic activities for students and human rights.
Lecture: “The Student Movement: Land for the Seed of Peace”
MODERATOR 1st TABLE
VENEZUELA – DR. JULIO CESAR PINEDA
Lawyer and Doctor of International Relations and Law. Professional Diplomat for over 30 years, serving as ambassador to Venezuela in Libya, North Korea, and Kuwait. Member of the International Parliament of Security and Peace. Lecturer, professor and writer. Television anchor of the program “Brújula Internacional”, which is transmitted daily by Globovision.
MEXICO – DR. FERNANDO CORDOBA DEL VALLE
Twelfth Judge of the Amparo District in Criminal Matters of the Federal District of Mexico.
Degree in Law. Doctor in Constitutional Law and Criminal Law. Certified trainer for implementing the Criminal Justice System in Mexico. Professor at different universities in Mexico.
Lecture: “Genocide and International Jurisdiction.”