“Human Dignity, Presumption of Innocence and Human Rights"
The Global Embassy of Activists for Peace (GEAP), held on July 6, 2016, the International Judicial Forum, “Human Dignity, Presumption of Innocence and Human Rights". The development of this forum was held in the Grand Hall of the Museum of the San Carlos University of Guatemala MUSAC, Guatemala City, where judges, delegates, lawyers and law experts gathered to listen to interesting dissertations by guest panelists from countries such as Mexico, Panama, Colombia and Guatemala.
Mrs. Gabriela Lara, general director of the GEAP, presented the objectives of the institution. "Justice for Peace", an international program that aims to provide tools to strengthen the structure of the independence, autonomy and efficiency of justice in order to prevent any act of genocide or attacks against human rights.
The first speech was given by Dr. William Soto Santiago, executive president of the GEAP, with the topic "The importance of detecting and reporting warning signs to prevent genocidal atrocity”. Dr. Soto emphasized that grave human rights violations affect everyone regardless of where they occur. He also mentioned that the world cannot remain indifferent before racial, political and religious discrimination and violence against groups, as it has been observed in the XXI century before the indifference of the states, international authorities and political leaders. There are warning signs which should be attended to. We must remember that justice always comes after the crime has been committed and regrettably when lives are already lost; so it is better to educate to prevent than judge to convict.
“The basis for preventing international crimes and any attack against human rights is education, founded on the respect of others as the main tool to prevent genocidal barbarity" he said.
The second speech "Justice, Social Rule of Law as the foundation for peace" was given by Dr. Camilo Montoya Reyes, who stressed that there an absolutist State existed, where fundamental rights were not recognized in the past and the presumption of innocence was not respected, but the presumption of guilt was managed; which was objected by the Liberal State whose purpose was to recognize individual human rights.
"Man is the axis of the state, man is the purpose of the rule, and the human being is the purpose of all state institutions. Justice will ensure the peaceful settlement of conflicts. Justice, before solving a conflict, should be restorative; one that, in addition to pursuing the perpetrator of criminal behavior, should restore broken law,” he said.
Dr. Martin Ubaldo Rojas Mariscal spoke on “Human Rights, human dignity and rational justice." Human dignity in its concept is greater to the concept of State; human dignity is the origin, the essence and purpose of all human rights for individuals to develop their personality in a comprehensive manner. "If there is no right to human integrity, all other rights collapse," he said. Among other points, he also stressed: "States may regulate rights in a general form, to preserve purposes such as order or public health that may influence respect for the rights of others.”
"Challenges of universal justice for peace in a globalized world, independence, autonomy and effectiveness" was the speech that Dr. Constantine Raquel gave, indicating that as a first step, peace is achieved if there is circumstantial points; which are, human development, democracy and human rights; He added: "If any of these are not present, you cannot talk about a culture of comprehensive peace." On the other hand, he said that a universal system in a culture of peace can be built on three pillars: human rights, humanitarian law and international criminal law.
An expert panel composed of Dr. Marco Antonio Sagastume Guemmell, president of the Association of Jurists Pro-Latin America and the College of Lawyers and Notaries of Guatemala; Lawyer Antonia Reyes Prado, Director of Human Rights Research, Human Rights attorney; and Carlos Hugo Avila, of the Guatemalan Commission for the Implementation of International Humanitarian Law, of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Guatemala.
Dr. Camilo Montoya was in charge of the final conclusions and recommendations.
During the development of the International Judicial Forum, Dr. Marco Antonio Sagastume Guemmell made an honorable mention and presented a recognition to Dr. William Soto Santiago, for his noble work and the impulse of projects aimed at promoting peace and justice.
The International Judicial Forum in Guatemala, culminated with the satisfaction of those who assisted and the presentation of certificates of participation.