Justice for Peace Program


Justice for Peace Program

The Justice for Peace Program has national and international work areas.

The international field, aims to revise and amend the Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, the Rome Statute, and the Regulations of the United Nations Organization. These amendments propose to: increase the scope of protection of other human groups excluded from the typification of the crime of genocide, including other genocidal conducts such as ethnocide of forceful pregnancy with the purpose of genocide; democratize the UN by increasing the number of permanent member countries of the Security Council, eliminating or rationalizing the right to veto, when preventing, investigating or judging the crime of genocide; and strengthen the International Criminal Court (ICC) and its General Attorney.

 In the national field, the program seeks to revise, amend and modify the legislations of the different countries, with the purpose of strengthening the administration of justice for peace, define the scope and promote respect for human dignity, the presumption of innocence and human rights; as well as the recognition and respect of the rights of the victims to the truth, justice, reparation and the guarantee of it never happening again.

For the Justice for Peace Program to succeed, it is necessary to socialize and enrich the proposal through different academic encounters, such as the International Judicial Forums, the Justice and Democracy Session of the Peace Integration Summit (CUMIPAZ), and the National Judicial Forums “Human Dignity, Presumption of Innocence and Human Rights”.

General Objective

Endow to the UN, the International Criminal Court and universal Justice, in general, and of each country, the democratic tools necessary to strengthen the structure, independence, autonomy and efficiency to prevent and punish the atrocity of genocide, just as any kind of discrimination and violation of human rights, with the aim of preserving peace and security in a globalized world.

Specific objective

  1. Promote the revision and amendment of the Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948).
  2. Promote the revision, updating and amendment of the Rome Statute (1998).
  3. Promote the revision of the Regulations of the UN to increase the number of permanent member countries in the Security Council.
  4. Present the Law project that typifies genocide in those countries where it is not yet typified, including “politicide” (extermination of political groups) and “ethnocide” (ethnic displacement, cultural absorption, ethnic cleaning), as genocidal acts.
  5. Identify the inconveniences created when making a decision in favor of the global population because of the reduced number of the member states in the UN Security Council; identify the benefits for international security and world peace, parting from integrating a Latin American country as a permanent member of the UN Security Council; identify the inconveniences that universal justice, security and world peace generate in the right to veto as it is conceived within the UN Security Council (democratization of the UN).
  6. Identify the factors that attempt against the independence, autonomy and efficiency of the International Criminal Court and its General Attorney, and formulate respective proposals.
  7. Establish and implement within the GEAP the social observatory to monitor the violation of human rights and discrimination, attached to the Human Rights office.
  8. Create and implement the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights Office.
  9. Create and implement the Office of Basic Assistance and Judicial Orientation for the Victims of Genocide and Grave Violation of Human Rights, for the protection of the rights of truth, justice reparation and the guarantee of it never happening again.
  10. Creation of the Program of Communication and Investigation of Genocide and the warning signs in the world (PRODIG).

The Program Justice for Peace is made up of six action fields:

Project: “New Proposals for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide”

Project: “Democratization of the UN”

Project: “Typification of Genocide”

Project: “Strengthening of the International Criminal Court”

Project: “Promotion and Protection of Human Rights”

Project: “PRODIG” (Program of Communication and Investigation of Genocide in the world)

Introduction

Through the study, revision and socialization of professionals in the field, this project is aimed at promoting new proposals from the Global Embassy of Activists for Peace, that comply with the general objectives of the Program Justice for Peace.

General objective

Updating, revision and amendment of the international instruments to include new proposals for the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide.

Specific objectives

  1. Revise and amend the international instruments that have to do with the international crime of genocide.
  2. Revise and amend the Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide and the Rome Statute.

Broaden the protected groups: political (politicide), social; amplify and modify genocidal behaviors (cultural genocide or ethnocide; forced pregnancy, forced displacement of adults, among others).

Project: “New Proposals for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide”

General objective

Achieve the democratization of the UN as an effective instrument to guarantee peace and world security.

Specific objectives

  1. Revise and amend the Regulations of the UN (ART. 163, the General Assembly decides by majority of those present and voters).
  2. Identify the inconveniences created when making decisions that benefit the world population because of the reduced number of member States of the UN Security Council. 
  3. Identify the benefits of international security and world peace, parting from integrating one Latin American country as a permanent member of the UN Security Council.
  4. Identify the inconveniences of international justice, security and world peace, generates in the right of veto in the way that it is conceived within the UN Security Council.
  5. Increase the number of permanent member States of the Security Council (from Latin America, another from Europe, for example: Germany; and one from Asia, for example: India).
  6. Eliminate, democratizes or rationalize the Right to Veto, when dealing with the measures to prevent and counteract genocide. 
Project: “Democratization of the UN”

General objective

Typify the crime of genocide, including politicide and cultural genocide (ethnocide) in those countries where it is yet to be typified.

Specific objectives

Present the Law project typifying genocide (including ethnocide or cultural genocide) in those countries where it is yet to be typified.

Present in those countries where genocide is typified, the reform projects to update the national legislation to the minimum international standards. 

Project: “Typification of Genocide”

General objective

Strengthen and guarantee the autonomy, independence and efficiency of the International Criminal Court and the Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court.

Specific objectives

  1. Identify the factors that attempt against the independence, autonomy and efficiency of the International Criminal Court and of its General Attorney.
  2. Revise to eliminate and modify the bonding force that the ICC has as requested by the UN Security Council, to suspend any investigation.

Present the reform project of the General Attorney of the ICC, to create Regional Prosecutors who are functionally dependent on the General Attorney of the ICC.

Project: “Strengthening of the International Criminal Court”

General objective

Promote and effectuate the protection of human rights parting from the respect of human dignity, presumption of innocence and the rights of the victims to truth, justice, reparation and the guarantee of it not happening again.

Specific objectives

  1. Establish and implement within the GEAP the Social Observatory, to monitor the violation of human rights and discrimination, attached to the Human Rights Office.

Establish and implement within the GEAP the Offices of Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, and Basic Assistance and Judicial Orientation of the Victims of Genocide and Grave Violations of Human Rights, for the protection of the rights of truth, justice, reparation and guarantee of it not happening again.

Project: “Promotion and protection of Human Rights”

General objective

Investigate, establish and communicate the causes and warning signs of genocide in the world, to prevent the atrocity of genocide.

Specific objectives

 

  1. Detect and identify the causes of genocide through history and the current moment.
  2. Detect and identify the warning signals of the eventual commission of a genocide.
  3. Carry out academic encounters, forums, meetings and every kind of activity related to making known the causes of genocide.

Create the Program of Communication and Investigation of Genocide and the warning signals in the world (PRODIG) with the aim of detecting the causes and preventing the atrocity of genocide. 

Project: “PRODIG” (Program of Communication of Investigation of Genocide in the world)

With the purpose of making known all the objectives of the Program Justice for Peace, open academic spaces are promoted and aimed at: officials of the Judicial Branch (attorneys, judges, experts, judicial police), control bodies (Attorney, Comptroller), National Police, National Army, Public and Private Defenders, defenders of human rights, colleges, academic community, graduates, professionals from different fields and epistemological approaches and other related fields.

General objective

Create a space of critical constructive analysis and discussion, in order to verify the efficiency and effectiveness of substantive and procedural criminal legislation, with regards to international human rights treaties under different headings, such as: the Criminal system and current procedural systems; the deterioration of the prison crisis and the rights of prisoners; the vulnerability of human rights and the fundamental guarantees of the people involved as indicted, accused, charged and convicted, as well as the victims; reach and practical application of the presumption of innocence; and the protection of indigenous people, eventual victims of ethnocide.

As part of the conclusions of these forums, proposals are formulated that are related to the discussed issues, which are then consolidated into one document aimed at the different action areas that are generated. With the purpose of designing and implementing mechanisms with concrete solutions that transcend the national and international community, foreseeing a more human, quick and effective justice, in favor of the wellbeing, peace and happiness of the human family. 

Study topics 2016

  • Human Rights: essence, reach, foundation and validity in world.
  • The role of the UN in maintaining and re-establishing world peace and security.
  • Current warning signals and threats of potential genocides: The role of the States and the social actors in the prevention of genocide and every violation of human rights.
  • Challenges of universal justice for peace in a globalized world: Independence, autonomy and efficiency.
  • Current topics of international impact within each country. 
Judicial Forums: “Human Dignity, Presumption of Innocence and Human Rights”